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June 23, 2021


Brazil (Security threat level – 3): On 22 June 2021, indigenous protesters armed with bows and arrows clashed with police officers in front of the National Congress building in the capital Brasilia. The protesters shot arrows and other projectiles at police officers during an attempt to enter the congressional building. Security personnel used tear gas, pepper spray and stun grenades to dispel the protesters. Two protesters were hospitalized with severe injuries and about a dozen others suffered minor injuries. In addition, three police officers were injured in the violence. An estimated 500 activists had gathered at the site to denounce a controversial land reform bill that would alter regulations governing protected indigenous land. The protest-related violence prompted Congress to suspend a committee session on the bill.

Peru (Security threat level – 3): At approximately 2155 local time on 22 June 2021 (0255 UTC on 23 June), a magnitude 5.8 earthquake struck off the town of Mala in Cañete province, located about 80 km (50 mi) south of the capital Lima, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The quake occurred at an estimated depth of 50 km. Light to moderate shaking was reported near the epicenter of the earthquake, and light shaking was felt throughout southern and central Lima. The ceiling of Jorge Chavez International Airport (SPJC/LIM), which serves Lima, sustained minor damage, but there were no flight disruptions. According to the mayor of Mala, at least 10 people were injured and eight residences in the town sustained shaking-related damage. There were no reports of fatalities.


Georgia (Security threat level – 3): On 22 June 2021, Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili announced that the government will ease restrictions imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19 as of 1 July. The current nationwide 2300 to 0400 local time (1900-0000 UTC) nightly curfew and the mandate to wear face masks outdoors will be lifted. However, bars, restaurants and other entertainment establishments will continue to be required to close nightly by 0000 local time until further notice and face masks will remain mandatory in indoor public spaces.


Ethiopia (Security threat level – 4): On 22 June 221, an airstrike targeted a market in Togoga town, located approximately 60 km (35 mi) west of Mekele — the capital of the northern Tigray region. According to local officials and eyewitness accounts, dozens of civilians were killed and several more were injured. Media reports, citing medical personnel, reported at least 80 civilian fatalities. Medical workers also alleged that soldiers blocked their access to the site, although the military denied impeding ambulances. A military spokesperson claimed that the airstrike neutralized terrorists in the region.

Additionally, the region continues to experience a humanitarian crisis that was heavily exacerbated by fighting between the federal government and the former regional government known as the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), which began in November 2020. More than 2 million people have fled their homes, and several humanitarian agencies estimate that at least 350,000 people in the region have no access to food or other basic necessities.

Analyst Comment: The latest attack in the Tigray region occurred immediately following the parliamentary election, which took place in most regions on 21 June. The vote count remains ongoing. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed — who ousted the TPLF as the region’s ruling party, prompting the conflict — is seeking reelection.


Côte d’Ivoire (Security threat level – 4): On 23 June 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) issued updated travel advice for Côte d’Ivoire regarding the threat of terrorism in the northern border areas, which reads in part as follows: “The FCDO advises against all travel to within 40km of the border with Mali and Burkina Faso, due to the security situation in these neighbouring countries. www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/cote-d-ivoire/terrorism

“The FCDO advises against all travel to Northern Zanzan and Savenes provinces, and Comoé national park.”