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Chad (Security threat level – 5): On 19 October 2022, Chadian President Mahamat Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency amid monsoon rains that have affected more than one million people across the country. Widespread flooding and landslides have affected residents in 18 out of 23 provinces, particularly in southern Chad, and have displaced approximately 50,000 people. Deby imposed the state of emergency to aid in providing shelter, food and other basic services to the affected residents.

Chad (Security threat level – 5): On 20 October 2022, police officers clashed with pro-democracy demonstrators who had gathered in the capital N’Djamena to oppose the Transitional Military Council. Demonstrators burned tires and erected barricades on several roads to block traffic in the city. Media sources indicate that security personnel fired tear gas and live ammunition at the protesters. At least two people were reportedly killed in the violence and 30 others were injured. Additional clashes between police officers and demonstrators were reported in Mongo city, the capital of Guéra region.

Guinea (Security threat level – 4): On the morning of 20 October 2022, police officers fired tear gas to disperse protesters in the capital Conakry during a demonstration organized to demand that government officials establish dates for future democratic elections. Protesters and police officers clashed in several areas of Conakry after protesters burned tires in the streets, pushed trash cans onto roads and threw rocks at security personnel. The National Front for the Defense of the Constitution (FNDC), a banned opposition coalition, had organized the protest. The FNDC stated that five people suffered gunshot wounds during the violence.

Mozambique (Security threat level – 4): On 20 October 2022, Islamist insurgents attacked a ruby mining operation owned by the India-based DiaColor International DMCC company in the Muaja village area of Cabo Delgado province — located east of Montepuez, the province’s second largest city. According to local media reports, communication with the management at the mine has been compromised, and additional details regarding the attack are unavailable. In a related development, officials at Montepuez Ruby Mining Limitada — located approximately 12 km (7 mi) northwest of the mine that was attacked — ceased operations and began evacuating local staff to the nearby cities of Nanhupo and Namanhumbir. An Islamist insurgency has been ongoing in Cabo Delgado province since 2017.


Bangladesh (Security threat level – 4): On 19 October 2022, the Khulna Bus-Minibus Association and the Khulna Moro Sramik Union announced a strike of public transport services during 21-22 October amid a dispute regarding the operation of non-mechanized vehicles in the southwestern city of Khulna. The strike is expected to affect public transportation and bus services in Khulna district. Members of the transport unions have stated that the strike is being organized to protest the failure of local authorities to enforce a High Court ban regarding non-mechanized vehicles operating on local roads and highways. The industrial action coincides with a political rally called by the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) in Khulna city on 22 October.


United Kingdom (Security threat level – 3): On 20 October 2022, U.K. Prime Minister Elizabeth Truss announced her resignation from the premiership following calls from leaders of her Conservative Party to step down from office. Truss failed to implement her promised economic policies, including a tax-cutting budget, during her 45-day tenure, which caused uncertainty in financial markets. Truss stated that the party will elect a new leader to succeed her within the next week.


Colombia (Security threat level – 4): On 19 October 2022, demonstrators clashed with police officers near the Avianca building in the central area of the capital Bogotá. The protesters — members of the Embera indigenous community — had gathered to demand better living conditions, during which participants threw stones and attacked police officers with sticks. At least 27 people were injured in the violence, including 15 police officers. Additionally, security personnel arrested two people.