April 9, 2021


Colombia / Ecuador (Security threat levels – 4 / 3) On 8 April 2021, authorities in Colombia announced a lockdown for the northern department of Atlántico, which includes the city of Barranquilla, due to a spike in COVID-19 cases. The lockdown will remain in effect from 1800 local time (2300 UTC) on 9 April to 0500 local time on 12 April, during which time residents are encouraged to remain at home. Following the weekend lockdown, a nightly 1800-0500 local time curfew will remain in effect during 12-19 April.


On 8 April authorities in Ecuador imposed new entry restrictions for travelers from Brazil to limit the spread of COVID-19. Under the restrictions — which remain in effect until further notice — travelers arriving from Brazil are required to quarantine for 10 days at a government-approved hotel upon arrival. All other travelers arriving by air are required to obtain proof of a negative result from a COVID-19 test taken with 72 hours of arrival or proof of full vaccination against COVID-19.

Lesser Antilles (Security threat level – 1) At 0841 local time (1241 UTC) on 9 April 2021, an explosive eruption occurred at the La Soufriere volcano in St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The eruption resulted in an ash column approximately 6 km (3 mi) high, with reports of heavy ashfall in areas surrounding the volcano. There were no reports of casualties. Authorities have suspended operations at Argyle International Airport (TVSA/SVD) following reports of ashfall near the airport. According to the director of the University of the West Indies Seismic Center, additional explosive eruptions are possible.


On 8 April Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves had ordered mandatory evacuations for the northern portion of the island of St. Vincent near the volcano. Gonsalves warned that the La volcano was likely to erupt within hours or days, and authorities arranged for cruise ships to assist in transporting evacuees as of 9 April. Gonsalves stated that individuals boarding cruise ships or taking refuge on other islands are required to be vaccinated for COVID-19. Gonsalves stated that he is working with other Caribbean governments to ensure that they will accept national identification cards from evacuees in lieu of passports. An estimated 5,000 to 6,000 people are affected by the evacuation order from the island’s “red zone.”

Authorities with the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) have designated some areas on the island of St. Vincent as safe. These areas include those from North Union to Kingstown on the windward side of the island and from Barouallie to Kingstown on the leeward side. The Grenadine Islands were also designated safe areas. Travelers in this area should keep informed of local developments.

United States (Security threat level – 2) At approximately 1430 local time (1930 UTC) on 8 April 2021, a gunman opened fire inside a warehouse in Bryan, Texas, a town located near Texas A&M University, about 100 mi (160 km) northwest of the city of Houston. The assailant then fled the scene and a police pursuit ensued, during which the gunman shot and wounded a Texas state trooper. Law enforcement officials apprehended the 27-year-old suspect outside a residence in the town of Bedias — located about 40 miles east of Bryan — nearly two hours after the initial shooting in which one person was killed and five others were wounded. Two of those wounded remain hospitalized in critical condition. The suspect, a resident of the nearby town of Iola, was an employee of the cabinet-manufacturing plant where the shooting occurred. Authorities have launched a probe to determine a definitive motive for the shooting.



India (Security threat level – 3) On 8 April 2021, authorities in the southwestern state of Karnataka announced a nightly 2200 to 0500 local time (1630-2330 UTC) curfew in seven cities due to a spike in COVID-19 cases. The restrictions, which will remain in effect from 10-20 April, will affect the cities of Bengaluru, Bidar, Kalaburagi, Mangaluru, Manipal, Mysuru, Tumkuru and Udupi. Only essential services will be allowed to operate during curfew hours.


South Korea (Security threat level – 2) On 8 April 2021, authorities extended existing coronavirus-related regulations until 30 April. The greater Seoul area is set to remain under Level 2 social-distancing regulations — the third highest in the country’s five-tier system — while the remainder of the country remains at Level 1.5. In the greater Seoul area, businesses – such as cafes and karaoke rooms – remain under a nightly 2200 local time (1300 UTC) curfew; however, authorities noted they may adjust the curfew to commence at 2100 local time in the near future. Additionally, bars and similar entertainment establishments will be required to close as of 12 April.



United Kingdom (Security threat level – 3) On the evening of 8 April 2021, police officers in Northern Ireland deployed water cannons to disperse a crowd of youths who had gathered on Springfield Road — a stronghold of Irish nationalists — in western Belfast, the capital. Approximately 100 youths gathered near an interface that separates Springfield Road from Shankill Road — a predominantly British loyalist area — from where some of them threw Molotov cocktails, rocks and other projectiles at the officers. While there were no reports of significant injuries due to the clashes on 8 April, the deputy police chief of Northern Ireland stated that a total of 55 police officers have been injured in the violence during the previous six nights since Good Friday. The unrest is occurring amid increasing tensions regarding trade restrictions between Northern Ireland and adjacent Ireland — a member of the EU — following the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU. Loyalist youths also resent the government’s decision not to prosecute 24 members of the Irish nationalist party Sinn Fein, who attended the June funeral of a former leader of the Irish Republican Army, violating the coronavirus-related ban on large gatherings.


Analyst Comment: Further violence is anticipated in Belfast and other areas of Northern Ireland during the upcoming weekend, as youths — mainly British loyalists — reportedly plan to organize a number of parades in multiple cities. The current conditions in Northern Ireland are more conducive to sustained unrest as the annual marching season , which started on 5 April, peaks in the lead-up to the Twelfth of July parades.


Democratic Republic Of The Congo (Security threat level – 4) On 8 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Kinshasa issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows: “There are reports of increased threats directed at MONUSCO personnel and affiliated facilities including the Goma International Airport. We continue to advise U.S. citizens to not travel to Goma in the Travel Advisory  for the DRC.”


Ecuador (Security threat level – 3) On 8 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Quito issued a Security Alert regarding potential election-related protests, which reads in part as follows:


“Event: The Ecuadorian presidential run-off election will be held on April 11. There is the potential for large demonstrations across the country following the election. The U.S. Embassy urges you to exercise extra vigilance when moving about Ecuador during the week after the election. Avoid areas that have previously attracted large election-related gatherings, such as the area around the Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE) election-night headquarters located at the intersection of Avenida 12 de Octubre and Luis Cordero,the CNE Quito office near Avenida Eloy Alfaro and Avenida 6 de Diciembre, provincial CNE offices, Avenida de los Shyris to the east of Parque Carolina, and the Plaza Grande de la Independencia across from the Presidential Palace.”

France (Security threat level – 3) On 9 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Paris issued a Demonstration Alert, which reads in part as follows:


“Location: Announced gathering points and routes include, but are not limited to,

Paris, Chateau d’eau (10th district, near Gare de l’Est)

Lyon, Place Lyautey

“Event: Demonstrations which may attract counter protestors and lead to violent clashes are expected to take place on April 10 beginning at 2:00 p.m. in Paris and 4:00 p.m. in Lyon. In Paris, Jeune Garde Antifasciste intends to protest the extreme right. In Lyon, Bon sens.Org and @19reation intend to protest in support of the extreme right. Additional demonstrations in other major cities in France may also be planned. Many cities throughout France are expected to see motorcyclists protesting against technical controls for motorcycles, which may create traffic issues.”

Honduras (Security threat level – 4) On 7 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Tegucigalpa issued a Security Alert regarding an upcoming soccer match, which reads in part as follows: “A soccer match is scheduled to be played today, April 7, at 8 pm in the Estadio Nacional Tiburcio Carias Andino in Tegucigalpa. Security measures will be taken to help ensure the safety of all attending the game. Road closures will begin around the stadium at 4pm and will last until the game is over. Traffic will be impacted on roads close to the stadium. U.S. citizens should avoid the National Stadium area and are reminded to maintain awareness of their surroundings as even peaceful celebrations may turn violent with little or no notice.”


Mozambique (Security threat level – 4) On 9 April 2021, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) issued updated travel advice regarding Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province, which reads in part as follows:

“Terrorists have attacked the town of Palma in Cabo Delgado. Terrorists remain active in the area and attacks on other towns are possible especially in areas frequented by foreigners or in towns and other areas where foreign companies operate and where expatriate staff reside. Australians in Cabo Delgado should leave the area if it is safe to do so. If you decide to remain in the area, maintain heightened security awareness, monitor local media and follow the advice of local authorities.”

April 8, 2021


Argentina / Paraguay (Security threat levels – 3 / 3): On 7 April 2021, Argentine President Alberto Fernandez announced new nationwide coronavirus-related restrictions due to a second wave of COVID-19 cases. The new measures will remain in effect from 9-30 April. The measures include a nightly 0000-0600 local time (0300-0900 UTC) curfew, the nightly closure of restaurants and bars at 2300 local time, and the suspension of operations at bingo halls, casinos and nightclubs. In the Buenos Aires area – where COVID-19 cases have increased 53% over seven days — only essential workers, teachers and those with special authorization may use public transport. Gatherings in private homes are prohibited, and outdoor gatherings are limited to 20 individuals.

On 7 April authorities in Paraguay imposed new entry restrictions for travelers from Brazil to limit the spread of COVID-19. The restrictions will remain in effect until further notice. Under the new restrictions, travelers are required to obtain a negative result from a COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival and complete an electronic Traveler’s Health Record no more than 24 hours prior to arrival. Additionally, all travelers arriving from Brazil are required to self-isolate for seven days upon arrival.

Canada (Security threat level – 2): On 7 April 2021, the premier of Ontario province — for which Toronto serves as the capital — declared a provincewide state of emergency and imposed an associated stay-at-home order to control a rapidly spreading outbreak of COVID-19. The stay-at-home order went into effect at 0001 local time (0401 UTC) on 8 April and is scheduled to remain in force for four weeks. The order requires residents to stay home except for essential reasons, such as traveling to work or school, procuring food and medicine, or seeking urgent medical attention. Additional information as outlined by the Ontario government can be viewed here.


Brunei (Security threat level – 1): On 7 April 2021, the government of Brunei extended entry restrictions imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19 until 22 April. Under the restrictions, cross-border activities between Brunei and Malaysia remain suspended. Meanwhile, the ban on entry for all foreign nationals, including transits through land and sea-based ports of entry, remains in effect.


Malta (Security threat level – 2): On 7 April 2021, Prime Minister Robert Abela announced plans to ease nationwide restrictions imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19. Childcare centers, kindergartens and primary schools will reopen on 12 April, while middle and secondary schools will reopen on 14 April and 16 April, respectively. Nonessential businesses and services will reopen and groups of up to four people will be permitted in public spaces as of 26 April. Additionally, Malta’s tourism industry is slated to reopen as of 1 June.

Spain (Security threat level – 3): On 7 April 2021, the government of Catalonia announced that it will reintroduce quarantine measures across the community — including restrictions on inter- and intra-community travel — during 9-19 April as daily infection rates of COVID-19 continue to rise. Officials outlined exemptions for those traveling for work, health reasons, care of relatives, and other essential purposes.

In Madrid, local officials extended existing quarantine measures across several zones amid a rise in local hospitalizations. Residents are only allowed to enter or exit their locality for essential reasons, such as travel for work or health care. The six zones are Las Margaritas (in the municipality of Getafe), San Fernando (in San Fernando de Henares), Villaviciosa de Odón (in the town of Villaviciosa de Odón), and in the city of Madrid, Alameda de Osuna (Barajas district), Rejas (San Blas-Canillejas district) and Chopera (Arganzuela district). The municipalities of La Cabrera, Moralzarzal and Colmenarejo have also closed their borders to travelers. Other restrictions include a nightly 2300-0600 local time (2100-0400 UTC) curfew, an obligatory 2300 local time closure for food and drink establishments, and a ban on social gatherings among members of different households.

Additionally, the Spanish government has extended the 10-day mandatory quarantine for travelers arriving from Brazil, Peru, Colombia, South Africa, Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Ghana and Comoros until at least 19 April.

United Kingdom (Security threat level – 3): On 7 April 2021, a group of protesters, composed primarily of British unionists, hijacked a bus and threw a Molotov cocktail into it, setting it alight at the intersection of Lanark Way and Shankhill Road near a “peace wall” in western Belfast. Prior to the incident, protesters also assaulted a journalist and set fire to tires and trash bins in the streets. Additionally, two large groups of protesters launched fireworks, and threw bricks and Molotov cocktails across the peace wall at one another.

Protests began late last week when prosecutors decided not to prosecute 24 members of the political party Sinn Fein for attending the funeral of an Irish Republican Army figure, violating coronavirus-related guidelines. Protesters are also upset over reports of a potential hard border between the United Kingdom and European Union member Ireland. Since the protest actions began, 41 police officers have been injured and 10 individuals arrested.

Analyst Comment: The peace wall – one of many – was constructed to prevent clashes between Catholics and Protestants during nearly 30 years of sectarian clashes prior to the peace agreement in 1998. The unionists at the time were mostly Ulster Protestant, while the nationalists were majority Catholic.

April 7, 2021


Poland (Security threat level – 2): On 7 April 2021, the Polish minister of health announced an extension of existing COVID-19 restrictions until 18 April in an attempt to reduce stress on the country’s hospital system. Businesses deemed nonessential, such as shopping malls and gyms, remain closed. The restrictions will maintain occupancy limits on public transport, at commercial businesses and in places of worship. Additionally, individuals are required to wear face masks in public spaces.


Bahrain / Saudi Arabia (Security threat levels – 3 / 3): On 6 April 2021, the National Medical Team for Coronavirus Response announced an easing of coronavirus-related entry restrictions for Bahraini citizens returning from abroad. As of Eid al-Fitr, the holiday marking the end of Ramadan on 12 May, travelers with proof of full COVID-19 vaccination will be exempt from having to take COVID-19 tests pre-departure and upon arrival in Bahrain. Additionally, officials are set to reopen restaurants, cafes and movie theaters as well as allow attendance at sporting events to vaccinated individuals. Social distancing and other public health measures will remain in place.

Meanwhile, in Saudi Arabia on 6 April the president general of the Grand Mosque and Prophet’s Mosques announced new permit requirements for individuals seeking to conduct the Umrah pilgrimage to Mecca. As of 12 April — the beginning of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan — only individuals with proof of having received full inoculation against COVID-19 no less than 14 days prior to arrival will be granted permits to perform the Umrah pilgrimage to Mecca and attend prayers at the Grand Mosque. Additionally, individuals with evidence of recovery from COVID-19 are also eligible to apply for permits. Verification of an individual’s immunizations will be confirmed through the Tawakkalna application, the official app approved by the Saudi Ministry of Health to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. The president stated that these requirements are being imposed to maintain the safety of pilgrims and worshippers.


Benin (Security threat level – 3): On 6-7 April 2021, opponents of Benin’s President Patrice Talon protested in several cities, denouncing his decision to stand for reelection. Hundreds of people marched, burned tires and set up roadblocks in the capital Cotonou and the central city of Parakou, according to a Western media outlet. Talon, who assumed power in 2016, faces two challengers in the upcoming election on 11 April, despite a promise that he would serve only one term.

Analyst Comment: There is an increasing likelihood of post-election unrest in Benin. Benin’s image of stability and democracy in West Africa has been eroding since 2019. For example, the decision to exclude opposition leaders from the parliamentary election in April 2019, sparked rare violent and deadly unrest in the country. As post-election demonstrations grew in April and into May, Talon blocked internet access and security officers used deadly force against demonstrators. For additional information see the Security Alert from the U.S. Embassy in Cotonou in the Government Warnings section below.

Ethiopia (Security threat level – 4): As of 6 April 2021, border clashes between the people of the eastern Afar and Somali regions remain ongoing. According to the Afar region’s deputy police commissioner, at least 100 civilians have been killed during the violence, which commenced on 2 April. Each side denies initiating the clashes, and it remains unclear what specifically provoked the violence. Ethnic and regional tensions have sparked border clashes since the federal government in 2014 redrew the boundary between the regions.


Benin (Security threat level – 3): On 6 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Cotonou issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows:

“Event: Benin will hold presidential elections on April 11, 2021. Before, during, and after Election Day, U.S. citizens in Benin should heighten their situational awareness and exercise increased caution. Presidential campaigning and election activity could generate large crowds and demonstrations. Election-related gatherings may lead to an increased risk of violence, petty crime, arrest, and traffic disruptions. Large gatherings also increase the risk of transmission of COVID-19. U.S. citizens should avoid crowds and demonstrations and take proper precautions against the spread of COVID-19.”

The full text of the alert is available here.

Chad (Security threat level – 5): On 7 April 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office issued updated travel advice regarding the upcoming election, which reads in part as follows:

“The Chadian Presidential Election will take place on 11 April, but the official result will not be announced until 25 April. During this period, you should be vigilant and avoid any demonstrations or large gatherings of people. If you become aware of any nearby protests leave the area immediately. You should keep yourself informed of developments through local media.”

New Zealand (Security threat level – 1): On 7 April 2021, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) issued updated travel advice for New Zealand, which reads in part as follows: “From 19 April 2021 you can travel from Australia to New Zealand without having to enter managed isolation on arrival. Pre-COVID entry requirements will apply. For further information see NZ COVID-19.

“New Zealand is now exempt from the ban on overseas travel from Australia for people who have been in Australia for 14 days prior to departure. Be prepared for the possibility of an extended stay or disruption to your travel if authorities implement measures in response to COVID-19 outbreaks.”

North Macedonia (Security threat level – 3): On 6 April 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) issued updated travel advice for North Macedonia, which reads in part as follows: “From Wednesday 7 April, all catering facilities are closed to the public unless operating via online/telephone orders or self-collection outside of the catering facility (via stand/counter). This includes cafes, restaurants, bars, clubs and other facilities that provide catering services, including catering facilities in accommodation (hotel, motel, hostel, boarding house and other accommodation facility) or at gas stations.

“Some businesses are allowed to open including shops in shopping malls, supermarkets and grocery stores but they may operate with reduced working hours and limits are placed on the number of people entering shopping facilities at any time. Betting shops and casinos are to be closed for visitors.

“There is a complete ban on visitors to all gyms, fitness clubs and sport centres.

“It is forbidden to organise, hold and attend / participate in any kind of seminars, trainings, workshops, courses, conferences and other events of this type.

“There is a ban on gathering in groups and groupings of more than four people in public space, parks, or any open area. This applies to the entire territory of the country every day during the week.

“Health and safety protocols are in place on beaches including wearing of face coverings and social distancing, and at swimming pools.

“Other measures include cancellation of some cultural and sporting events; restrictions on gatherings in public areas and closure of some schools and universities. Further measures can be introduced at short notice.”

Serbia (Security threat level – 3): On 6 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Belgrade issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows:

“Location: Belgrade, Serbia

“Event: Soccer clubs Partizan and Red Star will play on April 7, 2021 at 6:00 PM, at Red Star stadium. This is a high-risk event because of animosity between hooligans affiliated with both teams, and frequent clashes between them in and around the stadium. This match will be played without an audience, but there are indications that fans will gather near the stadium prior to the match. Expect traffic congestion and enhanced police presence in the area and around the city.”

April 6, 2021


Colombia / Venezuela (Security threat levels – 4 / 5): On 5 April 2021, the mayor of Colombia’s capital Bogotá announced new coronavirus-related restrictions to reduce stress on the country’s hospital system. The city is set to operate under a scheme with four days of activity followed by three days of a general quarantine. On 6-9 April, the city will resume its “pico and cédula” system, which staggers the days and times that residents are allowed to visit commercial establishments — exceptions exist for restaurants and hotels — based on their ID card number. Then, on 10-13 April the city will enter a general quarantine, beginning at 0000 local time (0500 UTC) on 10 April and continuing through 0400 on 13 April. Residents are expected to remain at home, and vehicles will be prohibited from entering or exiting the city during general quarantine.

On 5 April Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro extended strict nationwide quarantine measures until 12 April in an effort to curb the spread of COVID-19. Under the measures, only essential businesses and services, including supermarkets, pharmacies and public utilities, are allowed to operate. As part of Venezuela’s ongoing “7 + 7” plan, the country rotates between flexible and strict quarantine phases weekly.

United States (Security threat level – 2): As of 6 April 2021, emergency crews are working to remove millions of gallons of wastewater from a leaking reservoir in the town of Piney Point, Florida, located approximately 30 mi (50 km) south of the city of Tampa. Authorities have deployed 26 pumps and 10 vacuum trucks to the former phosphate fertilizer processing plant, which are capable of removing 75-100 million gallons of wastewater daily into the Tampa Bay estuary. The Florida Department of Environmental Protection stated the previous day that engineers and dam safety experts have ruled out a potential second breach at the reservoir. The initial breach and subsequent threat of large-scale flooding in the area prompted officials on 3 April to issue mandatory evacuation orders for more than 300 nearby residences and shut down a stretch of U.S. Highway 41.


India (Security threat level – 3): On 6 April 2021, the chief minister of the National Territory of Delhi — where the capital New Delhi is located — announced a nighttime curfew to slow the spread of COVID-19. Effective immediately, a nighttime curfew from 2200 to 0500 local time (1630 to 2330 UTC) will be in effect until 30 April. Individuals traveling to airports, railway stations and bus stations are exempt with proof of ticket. Exceptions to the nighttime curfew include pregnant women and individuals requiring medical treatment.


Kosovo (Security threat level – 4): On 6 April 2021, authorities announced new nationwide restrictions to curb the spread of COVID-19. The restrictions will remain in effect from 7-18 April. Under the restrictions, a nightly curfew will be in effect from 2200 to 0500 local time (2000-0300 UTC). Additionally, bars, cafes, restaurants and shopping centers will be required to close their facilities to customers, but may still offer takeout services.


Oman (Security threat level – 2): On 5 April 2021, Omani authorities announced that as of 8 April — and extending until the end of Ramadan on 12 May — only Omani citizens and permanent residents are allowed to enter the country from overseas. Additionally, authorities have extended existing coronavirus-related measures throughout the month of Ramadan, including a nightly curfew from 2100 to 0400 local time (1700-0000 UTC) and a general ban on nonessential commercial activities.


Nigeria (Security threat level – 5): On 6 April 2021, suspected members of the banned Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) separatist group attacked a prison in the southeastern city of Owerri in Imo state. Heavily armed gunmen — who local police officials claim were members of the paramilitary branch of the IPOB, known as the Eastern Security Network (ESN) — used rocket-propelled grenades and explosives in the attack, which allowed at least 1,800 prisoners to escape from the Owerri Custodial Center. One police officer was shot and injured in the attack, but there were no reports of fatalities. A potential motive remains unclear. IPOB and ESN have denied responsibility for the attack.


Ecuador (Security threat level – 3): On 5 April 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) issued updated travel advice for Ecuador, which reads in part as follows:

“A 30-day state of emergency for the provinces of Azuay, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Guayas, Loja, Manabi, Pichincha and Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, was declared by the President on 1 April. This includes: a curfew for people and vehicles from 8pm to 5am, between 2 and 9 April, the prohibition of alcohol sales and consumption from 6pm onwards from Monday to Thursday and all day Friday, Saturday and Sunday; the prohibition of social and public gatherings; the suspension of mixed online/in-person schooling; restaurants can operate at 30% capacity and shopping centres at 50% capacity; and all public and private sectors to prioritise virtual working.”

Kuwait (Security threat level – 2) : On 6 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait City issued a Health Alert, which reads in part as follows: “On April 1, the government of Kuwait announced changes to curfew restrictions effective April 8 – April 22.

“Starting April 8, curfew will begin one hour later. Curfew will be in effect from 7:00 PM to 5:00 AM daily from April 8 to April 22. U.S. citizens should observe the restrictions announced by the Kuwaiti government during the curfew period.

“The period for walking outdoors in one’s neighborhood will be from 7:00 PM – 10:00 PM. Restaurants will be able to deliver until 3:00 AM.”

April 5, 2021


United States (Security threat level – 2): At approximately 1300 local time (1700 UTC) on 2 April 2021, a motorist drove his car into two members of the U.S. Capitol Police manning the North Barricade vehicle access point, located along Constitution Avenue and approximately 100 yd (90 m) from the entrance of the Capitol complex in Washington, D.C. The perpetrator then exited the vehicle wielding a knife. Police officers at the scene opened fire, wounding the suspect, who later succumbed to his injuries at a nearby hospital. One of the two injured police officers also died, and the second officer remains in critical condition. Security officials placed the Capitol complex on a temporary lockdown following the event. Authorities stated that the event does not appear to be terrorism-related; an investigation is ongoing to determine the perpetrator’s potential motive.


India (Security threat level – 3): On 4 April 2021, authorities in the Indian state of Maharashtra — where the city of Mumbai is located – imposed new restrictions to slow the spread of COVID-19. The new measures, which will remain in effect until further notice, include a nightly 2000-0700 local time (1430-1330 UTC) curfew as well as a weekend curfew from 2000 local time on Fridays until 0700 local time on Mondays. Essential services are exempt from the curfew. In addition, gatherings of five or more Individuals are prohibited. Malls, bars and restaurants are closed, although home delivery is permitted.


United Kingdom (Security threat level – 3): On 4 April 2021, unrest continued for a third consecutive night in the cities of Belfast and Londonderry (Derry), as well as in other unionist areas of Northern Ireland. Individuals threw Molotov cocktails and bricks at police officers in the town of Carrickfergus, located approximately 20 km (10 mi) north of Belfast. Protesters also set fire to trash bins and blocked the North Road. Meanwhile, rioters set fire to trash bins and blocked the Cloughfern roundabout in the town of Newtonabbey, located on the northern outskirts of Belfast. Police officers were also attacked in Londonderry. In addition, on the night of 3 April, rioters threw at least 30 Molotov cocktails at police officers in Newtownabbey and set ablaze three vehicles. The violence escalated on 2 April, when crowds of mostly young people set vehicles on fire and threw Molotov cocktails and other projectiles at police officers in Belfast and Londonderry. At least 15 police officers were injured in Belfast, and 12 others were injured in Londonderry during the violence on 2 April. Authorities arrested a total of eight people. The unrest occurred amid increasing tensions regarding trade regulations for Northern Ireland following the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU and growing disagreements between the Democratic Unionist Party and the Irish nationalist party Sinn Fein, which jointly govern Northern Ireland. Unionist supporters also resent the government’s decision not to prosecute approximately two dozen members of Sinn Fein, who attended the June funeral of a former leader of the Irish Republican Army, violating the coronavirus-related ban on large gatherings.


Mali (Security threat level – 5): On 2 April 2021, approximately 100 suspected Islamist militants assaulted a United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) camp in the northern city of Aguelhok with gunfire, mortar shells and an attempted vehicle-borne suicide bombing. At least four U.N. peacekeepers and 20 militants were killed, and 19 more peacekeepers were wounded. In a separate attack on the same day, militants assaulted Malian troops at a military post in the central city of Diafarabe, killing 10 Malian soldiers and wounding 10 others.


Bangladesh (Security threat level – 4): On 4 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Dhaka issued a Health Alert, which reads in part as follows: “The Government of Bangladesh has announced a countrywide lockdown to limit the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. The U.S. Embassy will be closed for routine U.S. citizen services from Monday, April 5 for a duration of seven (7) days – or for the duration of the lockdown in the event it is extended. All U.S. citizen services appointments already scheduled for the week will be rescheduled. In the event of an immediate service need or emergency, please email [email protected] to request an emergency appointment.

“The Embassy will reopen U.S. citizen services appointments after the lockdown is lifted.”

To read the full text of the warning please click here.

April 2, 2021


Bolivia (Security threat level – 3): On 1 April 2021, Bolivian authorities imposed new entry restrictions due to a surge in COVID-19 cases. Under the restrictions, inbound travelers are now required to present a negative result from a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to departure for Bolivia and must have health insurance with coverage for COVID-19. Additionally, travelers are required to self-isolate for 10 days upon arrival and must be tested for COVID-19 on day seven of isolation.

Meanwhile, President Luis Arce announced the closure of Bolivia’s land borders with Brazil due to concerns regarding the Brazilian variant of COVID-19. The borders will remain closed from 2-9 April. Arce also stated that border towns where the Brazilian variant is discovered will be quarantined for as long as necessary to prevent outbreaks.

Chile (Security threat level – 2): On 1 April 2021, officials imposed a temporary ban on foreign travel for Chileans as well as a ban on non-resident foreigners attempting to enter Chile during 5-30 April. As part of the restrictions — which are aimed at limiting the spread of known COVID-19 variants — Chileans will be allowed to request a permit from the government for foreign travel; however, specified reasons for allowed travel have not been released. Authorities announced that truck drivers crossing Chile’s land border will be required to present a negative result from a COVID-19 PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. Additionally, health officials will administer random antigen tests to drivers entering the country. This measure will take effect at 0500 local time (0800 UTC) on 5 April.

Haiti (Security threat level – 4): On 1 April 2021, gunbattles occurred between rival gangs in multiple districts in the capital Port-au-Prince, including the impoverished Bél’Air neighborhood. Suspected members of the G9 gang raided Bél’Air to reportedly attack members of other gangs who refused to switch allegiances. Residents reported hearing heavy gunfire from automatic firearms for several hours. Additional clashes also occurred in the Delmas 2 and Delmas 6 neighborhoods. The gang violence in Port-au-Prince has been ongoing since 30 March, during which at least one person has been killed and several others have been injured. Several houses in the city were set on fire during the fighting. The G9 gang has conducted three violent incursions into Bél’Air since October 2019.


India (Security threat level – 3): On 2 April 2021, authorities in Maharashtra state announced that a nightly curfew during 1800-0600 local time (1230-0030 UTC) will be in effect in Pune district, beginning on 3 April, due to an increase in COVID-19 cases. The measure will remain in effect until at least 9 April when officials will review the order. Additionally, bars, hotels and places of worship will be closed, and public gatherings of more than four people will be banned. Essential services and food delivery are exempt from the curfew. Weddings and funerals will be allowed to have up to 50 and 20 attendees, respectively.

Taiwan (Security threat level – 1): At approximately 0930 local time (0130 UTC) on 2 April 2021, a passenger train with nearly 500 people on board derailed near the Taroko Gorge scenic area in Hualien county, located approximately 30 km (20 mi) north of the town of Hualien. The accident occurred when the eight-carriage train was exiting the Daqingshui Tunnel and collided with an unoccupied construction vehicle that had rolled onto the tracks. The accident caused extensive damage to five of the eight train carriages. At least 51 people, including a French national, were killed in the accident and 146 others suffered injuries. The Taroko No. 408 express train was en route to the eastern city of Taitung from the capital Taipei.


Belgium (Security threat level – 3): In the late afternoon hours of 1 April 2021, police officers clashed with approximately 2,000 people who had gathered in Bois de la Cambre park, located in the capital Brussels, for a concert called “La Boum,” which had been announced on social media platforms but was later revealed as an April Fools’ Day prank. Hundreds of police officers, including some on horseback, deployed to the park and used water cannons and tear gas to disperse the partygoers. Several individuals threw water bottles and other projectiles at the officers. Three police officers and eight attendees were injured in the violence. Authorities arrested 22 people. The gathering violated the government’s coronavirus-related ban on outdoor meetings of more than four people; a countrywide lockdown has been in place since 27 March — which includes a 2200 to 0500 local time (2100 to 0400 UTC) nightly curfew in Brussels — and is currently scheduled to last until 24 April.

A similar gathering is expected to occur at the park later on 2 April in response to calls on social media. The event was initially scheduled to occur at the Parc du Cinquantenaire, but organizers reportedly switched the location due to the violence on the previous day. Travelers and expatriates in Brussels should avoid the vicinity of Bois de la Cambre park.

Norway (Security threat level – 2): On 2 April 2021, the government of Norway extended existing coronavirus-related restrictions at the request of local officials. Restrictions in the municipalities of Holmestrand, Horten, Tønsberg, Færder, Sandefjord and Larvik will remain in effect until 11 April, while measures in the municipalities of Bamble, Porsgrunn, Skien and Siljan have been extended until 8 April. Restrictions include a ban on events outside the home, both indoors and outdoors, with the exception of funerals, weddings and baptisms. Most shops and department stores are required to close. Restaurants are only allowed to provide takeout and delivery services.

United Kingdom (Security threat level – 3): On 2 April 2021, the U.K. Department for Transport added Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan and the Philippines to England’s entry ban list in an effort to slow the spread of new coronavirus variants. Subsequently, as of 0400 local time (0300 UTC) on 9 April, travelers from the four countries and individuals who have visited those countries in the previous 10 days will be prohibited from entering England. U.K. citizens, Irish citizens and individuals with residency rights in the U.K. are exempt from the entry ban and will be required to undergo a mandatory 10-day quarantine at government-approved hotels at their own expense upon arrival in England. A full list of countries subjected to England’s entry ban is available here.


Democratic Republic Of The Congo (Security threat level – 4): On 2 April 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Kinshasa issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows:

“Location: Butembo, North Kivu province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

“Event: Armed groups may target NGOs in the city of Butembo (North Kivu province.) We advise U.S. citizens to not travel to North Kivu province in the Travel Advisory for the DRC.”

The full text of the alert is available here.

Lesser Antilles (Security threat level – 1): On 1 April 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) issued updated travel advice for Grenada, which reads in part as follows: “The Government of Grenada’s entry health protocols mean that all travellers must pre-book approved accommodation for quarantine on arrival, pre-pay for COVID test, apply for a Pure Safe Travel Certificate and obtain a negative COVID PCR test result within 3 days of travel. Link to full details is on Ministry of Health website. These rules are subject to change and should be checked regularly. You should not use the NHS testing service to get a test in order to facilitate your travel to another country. You should arrange to take a private test.”

April 1, 2021


Puerto Rico (Security threat level – 2): On 1 April 2021, Puerto Rican authorities reopened Rafael Hernández International Airport (TJBQ/BQN), located in the eastern coastal city of Aguadilla, and Mercedita International Airport (TJPS/PSE), located in the southern central city of Ponce, to commercial passenger flights. Authorities suspended commercial flights in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and had since allowed only cargo, chartered and private aircraft to operate through the airports. Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport (TJSJ/SJU), located in the capital San Juan, had served as the only hub for commercial flights on the island since March 2020.

United States (Security threat level – 2): At approximately 1730 local time on 31 March 2021 (0030 UTC on 1 April), a gunman opened fire at an office building in the city of Orange, California, located approximately 30 mi (50 km) southeast of Los Angeles. According to a local police official, the shooting started in one of the suites of the two-story complex and proceeded to the courtyard area. Police officers responding to the shooting exchanged gunfire with the assailant. Four people were killed and another suffered critical gunshot wounds. The gunman was also critically wounded and transported to a hospital for medical treatment. Authorities have launched a probe to determine a possible motive for the shooting.


Cambodia (Security threat level – 3): On 1 April 2021, the governor of Phnom Penh, the capital, placed the city under a 14-day lockdown to slow the spread of COVID-19. Under the lockdown measures, security personnel will enforce a nighttime curfew from 2000 to 0500 local time (1300 to 2200 UTC) until 14 April. Additionally, nonessential businesses, such as restaurants, will be forced to close and all gatherings will be banned. Exceptions to the lockdown measures include medical emergency situations, traveling to or from work and acquiring food items. The lockdown was imposed after Prime Minister Hun Sen on 31 March issued a sub-decree that enacted several measures for areas considered high-risk for COVID-19 infections. The sub-decree also gave provincial officials the authority to impose coronavirus-related restrictions.


France (Security threat level – 3): On 31 March 2021, President Emmanuel Macron announced that partial lockdown orders currently in effect in select areas will be expanded nationwide for four weeks beginning on 3 April due to rising numbers of COVID-19 cases. Under the rules, nonessential business are required to close, nonessential interregional travel is banned and individuals traveling outside of a 10-km (6-mi) radius from their homes must have written permission from authorities. An existing nationwide nightly curfew during 1900-0600 local time (1700-0400 UTC) will also remain in effect. Private gatherings are allowed, but Macron advised against social gatherings overall. Additionally, schools will transition to distance learning during the week of 5-9 April, and all schools will be closed from 12-25 April.

Germany (Security threat level – 3): Beginning on 2 April 2021, a coronavirus-related nightly curfew during 2100-0500 local time (1900-0300 UTC) will be in effect in Hamburg until at least 18 April. Exceptions will exist for anyone traveling for work, for delivery drivers and for individuals who are exercising. Police officers will be deployed in larger numbers during curfew hours, and may stop and question violators of the order.

Russia / Ukraine (Security threat levels – 3 / 4): On 31 March 2021, the U.S. European Command (EUCOM) raised its alert level from “possible crisis” to “potential imminent crisis” — the highest level of alert — following reports of increased Russian military activity near the border with Ukraine and the disputed territory of Crimea. Between 28 and 31 March, videos emerged on social media of the Russian military moving artillery, armored vehicles and heavy trucks by train to areas near Crimea. Independent experts have geolocated the footage, documenting military movements in the Russian cities of Fedosiya, Simferpol, the Kerch Strait, Rostov-on Don and Morozovsk. Russian media is reporting that the Russian Ministry of Defense has requisitioned as many as 16,000 railway flat cars, indicating likely deployments of additional armored vehicles. Russian officials for their part stated that the deployment of troops should not be cause for concern, claiming the recent movements are routine and are a response to increased NATO military activity. Ukrainian officials allege that Russia-supported separatists have engaged in what they refer to as “systematic” ceasefire violations in recent days and weeks.

Analyst Comment: Russia’s ongoing military activity strongly indicates that the deployments are outside normal patterns of military exercises. Organizations with assets and personnel in Ukraine should closely monitor associated forthcoming developments.

Sweden (Security threat level – 2): On 31 March 2021, authorities extended select nationwide coronavirus-related restrictions until 3 May due to a spike in COVID-19 cases. Under the restrictions, restaurants, bars and cafes must close by 2030 local time (1830 UTC) nightly, and no more than four people per group are allowed inside such establishments. Additionally, shops are required to limit occupancy capacity to no more than one customer per 10 sq. m (105 sq. ft).


Liberia (Security threat level – 4): On 1 April 2021, President George Weah imposed a 0600-1800 local time/UTC curfew on the coastal county of Maryland, located approximately 600 km (375 mi) east of the capital Monrovia, after approximately 90 inmates escaped from a penitentiary amid violent demonstrations. Thousands of residents of Maryland county, especially women, have been protesting for several days over alleged ritual killings of young people. On the previous day, during a protest in Harper city near the border with Côte d’Ivoire, demonstrators broke into a prison compound in search of an alleged murderer of a motorcyclist, resulting in the escape of the prison’s inmates, according to local police officials. There have been no reports of injuries. Police officers are searching for the escaped inmates.

Mauritius (Security threat level – 1): On 1 April 2021, the government extended the existing coronavirus-related lockdown by one month and announced that police officers will enforce a new Temporary Restrictions Movement Order. Under the measures, public gatherings are banned; individuals 18 years old or younger are not permitted to leave their residences except for educational tests or medical emergencies; leaving residences for walks or physical exercise is not permitted; no businesses except for pharmacies and gas stations are permitted to open on Sundays; and civil marriages may have a maximum of 10 guests. All individuals are also required to wear face masks; the fine for failing to do so is up to 500,000 Mauritian rupees (12,320 U.S. dollars).


South Sudan (Security threat level – 5): On 31 March 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Juba issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows:

“Location: Border region of South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

“Event: Armed groups may attack or kidnap foreign nationals in the border region of South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). We advise U.S. citizens to not travel to the area of the South Sudan/DRC border.”

The full text of the alert is available here.

March 31, 2021


Brazil (Security threat level – 3): On 30 March 2021, the commanders of the Brazilian army, navy and air force met with President Jair Bolsonaro and reportedly tendered their resignations amid continuing instability in Bolsonaro’s administration. Local media reported that never before in Brazilian history had the heads of all three branches of the military resigned out of disagreement with a president. On the previous day, Bolsonaro replaced six of his Cabinet ministers — including the ministers of defense and foreign affairs — in a reshuffle that appears designed to secure greater loyalty as the country struggles with a worsening COVID-19 crisis.

Analyst Comment: Brazil’s health care system is struggling to handle a COVID-19 resurgence, with the country’s death rate nearing 4,000 a day and reports of medicine shortages. Health authorities reported 3,650 deaths on 26 March and more than 100,000 new daily cases of the virus and warned that the country’s daily deaths will rise. Experts have expressed frustration with the slow rate of vaccination, with only 2.1% of citizens fully inoculated. Additionally, reports indicate that most states’ intensive care units are near or at capacity and the country’s supplies of oxygen and sedatives required for intubation in intensive care units are extremely limited.

Ecuador (Security threat level – 3): On 31 March 2021, authorities in the city of Guayaquil imposed new restrictions to curb the spread of COVID-19, which will remain in effect until 10 April. Vehicles will be banned from operating in the city nightly from 1900 to 0500 local time (0000-1000 UTC); emergency vehicles and others conducting essential services, such as public transportation, food delivery and transport to and from airports are exempt from the order. The sale of alcohol will also be banned, while social and corporate events will be limited to no more than 25 people.

United States (Security threat level – 2): On 30 March 2021, the governor of the midwestern U.S. state of South Dakota declared a state of emergency in response to severe drought conditions and ongoing wildfires in the state. Hundreds of firefighters are deployed near Rapid City, the second-largest city in the state, to battle three separate wildfires. The largest blaze near Schroeder Road in the Nemo area — located about 15 mi (25 km) northwest of Rapid City — has prompted evacuation of more than 400 residences since 29 March. As of last report, the blaze has consumed approximately 2,100 acres (850 hectares) of land and destroyed at least one home; the blaze remains 47% contained. An additional two small-scale wildfires are burning to the southwest of Rapid City, one of which has forced officials to shut down Mount Rushmore National Memorial and surrounding roads through 31 March. The fire inside the memorial has consumed 117 acres of land and was threatening 15 structures, including private homes in the area. The third blaze has consumed 15 acres of land. Thus far, there have been no reports of fire-related injuries or deaths.


Indonesia (Security threat level – 4): At approximately 1645 local time (0945 UTC) on 31 March 2021, police officers shot and killed a woman at the National Police headquarters in South Jakarta after she entered the facility and allegedly aimed a pistol at officers. The area around the building has been cordoned off while authorities investigate the event. Officials believe the suspect intended to carry out an act of terrorism. At least one other person who entered the police headquarters with the woman was reportedly arrested. There were no reports of additional casualties.


Niger (Security threat level – 5): At approximately 0300 local time (0200 UTC) on 31 March 2021, heavy gunfire broke out near the presidential palace in central Niamey, the capital, and lasted between 15 and 30 minutes. Media reports, citing anonymous security sources, stated that members of the presidential guard foiled a coup attempt perpetrated by a group of military personnel from a nearby airbase and arrested the group. There were no immediate reports of casualties. A significant number of police officers were deployed to the city center area following the alleged military mutiny, although local reports indicate that routine activities in the area largely resumed by the late morning hours. Government officials have yet to comment on the event, which occurred two days before the scheduled inauguration of President-elect Mohamed Bazoum, a close ally of outgoing President Mahamadou Issoufou.


Honduras (Security threat level – 4): On 30 March 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Tegucigalpa issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows: “Event: Demonstrations/strikes regarding the sentencing of Tony Hernandez [a former congressman and brother of President Juan Orlando Hernández] are expected to take place on March 30, 2021 beginning at 4:00 pm by the Diunsa and Banco Atlantida roundabout located on Blvd Centroamerica.

“U.S. citizens are advised to avoid the area. While similar events have remained peaceful in the past, U.S. citizens are reminded to maintain awareness of their surroundings as even peaceful demonstrations may turn violent with little or no notice.”

Myanmar (Security threat level – 4): On 30 March 2021, the U.S. Department of State issued an updated Travel Advisory for Myanmar, which reads in part as follows: “Do not travel to Burma due to COVID-19 as well as areas of civil unrest and armed violence.

“On February 14, the Department authorized the voluntary departure of non-emergency U.S. government employees and their family members. On March 30, the Department updated that status to ordered departure.”

The full text of the Travel Advisory is available here.

Panama (Security threat level – 3): On 30 March 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Panama City issued a Health Alert, which reads in part as follows: “On March 29, the President of Panama issued a decree clarifying the regional COVID-19 restrictions previously announced on March 27.

“Effective March 31, travelers arriving in Panama who have been in or who transited through any country in South America must have a negative COVID test within the last 48 hours. Such travelers will also be tested upon arrival at the expense of the passenger. If the person tests positive, he or she will be transferred directly to a hotel-hospital. If the person tests negative, he or she will follow a 5-days at home-quarantine and will be tested again by MINSA at the end of quarantine.

“The Ministry of Health’s decision to implement the new travel restriction occurred after a resident of Panama, who had recently traveled to South America, tested positive for the new P1 SARS-CoV-2 variant hours after presenting a negative COVID test at the airport.”

March 30, 2021


Chile (Security threat level – 2): On 29 March 2021, the Ministry of Health adjusted city-level quarantine measures across Chile amid a record-level number of COVID-19 cases, the highest level since the pandemic commenced. All changes will be imposed as of 0500 local time (0800 UTC) on 1 April. The following communities will revert to phase 1 of the government’s five-step quarantine plan: Puchuncaví, Casablanca, The Tabo, La Ligua, Malloa, Pelluhue, Santa Barbara, Victory, Theodore Schmidt, Pucon and Hualaihué. The following communities will revert to phase 2: Maria Elena, San Esteban, Peralillo and Bulnes. The following communities will revert to phase 3: Guaitecas and Cape Horn. The following communities will advance to phase 3: Huarat, San Pedro de Atacama, Petorca and Palena.

Analyst Comment: Chile is experiencing a significant surge in COVID-19 cases. Intensive care units are at 95% capacity, with seven of every 10 ICU beds occupied by a COVID-19 patient. The Ministry of Health reported more than 7,300 new coronavirus cases on the previous day, the fourth consecutive day to exceed 7,000 cases.

Haiti (Security threat level – 4): On the afternoon of 29 March 2021, police officers fired tear gas and rubber bullets at anti-government protesters in Champ de Mars park in the capital Port-au-Prince. The demonstrators threw stones at security personnel, set fire to the National Driver’s Insurance Office building and smashed windshields of nearby vehicles. At least three people were reported injured. Additional protests occurred near the Carrefour Aéroport viaduct and Petionville neighborhood. The demonstrators had gathered to commemorate the 34th anniversary of the 1987 Haitian constitution and to protest a new draft constitution that grants additional powers to the president.

Honduras (Security threat level – 4): On 29 March 2021, Honduran authorities announced temporary entry restrictions on travelers from South American countries in an effort to stop the spread of the new strain of the coronavirus that originated in Brazil. The entry restrictions also apply to any Honduran national who has visited a South American country within the last 15 days. Similar bans are in place for travelers from the U.K. and South Africa. All other inbound travelers must present the result of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours before arrival or proof of COVID-19 vaccination, as well as register with the government at this link before traveling to Honduras.


Bangladesh (Security threat level – 4): On 29 March 2021, Bangladeshi authorities tightened entry restrictions and other measures in an effort to slow the rapidly rising rate of COVID-19 infections in the country. As of 31 March passengers arriving in Bangladesh from the U.K. and other European countries will be required to quarantine for 14 days at a government facility or a government-approved hotel at their own expense, where they will be required to take a COVID-19 test at the end of their quarantine; those with negative results will be allowed to leave the facility, whereas those with positive results will be transported to a government hospital. In regard to passengers arriving from all other countries, health officials at ports of entry will decide whether the travelers need to quarantine at a government-designated location or can self-quarantine at the location of their choice. An existing requirement to display proof of negative results from a COVID-19 PCR test no more than 72 hours old also remains in place.

In addition, the government has imposed occupancy limits on all public transport to 50% of maximum seating capacity, and all hotels, restaurants, nonemergency governmental and nongovernmental offices may operate at 50% of maximum occupancy. Public gatherings are banned in areas with high COVID-19 infection rates. These measures are currently set to be in place through at least 12 April. The Health Ministry has suggested that the government impose partial lockdowns in areas with higher infection rates.


Slovenia (Security threat level – 2): On 28 March 2021, the Slovenian government announced a nationwide lockdown from 1-12 April to curb the spread of COVID-19. Under the restrictions, a nightly curfew from 2200 to 0500 local time (2000-0300 UTC) will be in effect, all outdoor gatherings will be banned and face masks will be mandatory in public spaces. Nonessential businesses and services, including ski resorts, will be required to close, while hotels may only host businesspersons, diplomatic personnel or professional sports teams.


Morocco (Security threat level – 3): As of 0000 local time on 30 March 2021 (2300 UTC on 29 March), flights between Morocco, Spain and France are suspended. The Moroccan government’s ban on flights is effective until further notice. Authorities implemented the ban in order to slow the spread of COVID-19 in the country. Authorities have also imposed greater screening requirements on special repatriation flights.


Côte d’Ivoire (Security threat level – 4): Overnight on 28-29 March 2021, suspected Islamist militants launched attacks on two security outposts near Côte d’Ivoire’s border with Burkina Faso. According to the military, approximately 60 gunmen perpetrated the attack in the town of Kafolo, killing two soldiers and injuring four others. The military reportedly engaged the militants and repelled them, killing at least three assailants. Meanwhile, an unspecified number of assailants launched an additional attack on the outpost in Kologobo, killing a police officer. While no group has thus far claimed responsibility, authorities suspect that Burkina Faso-based Islamist extremists perpetrated both attacks.


Djibouti (Security threat level – 3): On 30 March 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Djibouti issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows: “On Friday April 9, 2021, Djibouti will hold general elections. In the runup to April 9, it is anticipated that President Guelleh, senior government officials and other prominent party members may be holding and / or attending political rallies. Additionally, the possibility of anti-government events or protests exists. Any of these events will likely add to the increased security presence on the roadways and around the city.

“Rallies, demonstrations, and protests may occur with little notice, and even those intended to be peaceful can escalate into violence. As with any public space, there is also the opportunity for criminal elements or terrorists to target participants, visitors, or the location. If you inadvertently end up in the midst, or close to an event such as this, please reverse course as quickly and safely as possible. You should avoid areas of gatherings, protests, and demonstrations, and exercise caution if unexpectedly in the vicinity of any such events.”

Liechtenstein (Security threat level – 1): On 29 March 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) issued updated travel advice for Liechtenstein, which reads in part as follows: “Liechtenstein has relaxed some coronavirus restrictions. Private gatherings of up to 10 people are allowed both indoors and outdoors. Public outdoor events of up to 25 people are permitted. All shops, markets and religious institutions are open and medical practitioners (including dentists) have resumed non-urgent treatment. Cultural, entertainment, recreational and indoor sports establishments are open. Outdoor sports remain permitted, subject to compliance with social distancing measures; this includes the Malbun ski resort. Restaurants, bars and nightclubs remain closed until at least 19 April 2021.”

March 29, 2021


Brazil (Security threat level – 3): On 26 March 2021, authorities in the state of São Paulo extended the ongoing coronavirus-related state of emergency and associated restrictions until 11 April due to a spike in local COVID-19 cases. The measures were scheduled to expire on 30 March. Under the restrictions, a nightly curfew from 2000-0500 local time (2300-0800 UTC) is in effect, and all beaches and parks are closed.

Colombia (Security threat level – 4): At approximately 1530 local time (2030 UTC) on 26 March 2021, a car bomb exploded in front of the mayor’s office in central Corinto, a town located nearly 60 km (37 mi) southeast of the city of Cali. The explosion caused significant damage to buildings near the town square; the mayor’s office and nearby police station sustained the most significant damage. The blast wounded 43 individuals, six of whom suffered serious injuries. The government has blamed the attack on the Dagoberto Ramos Mobile Column, a dissident faction of the former Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) insurgent group.

United States (Security threat level – 2): On the weekend of 27-28 March 2021, heavy rainfall across the U.S. state of Tennessee caused significant flooding in Nashville, the state capital, where more than 7 in (175 mm) of rain was recorded during the two-day period. Floodwaters inundated dozens of homes and businesses in the city. Multiple highways, including a stretch of Interstate 40, were temporarily shut down due to high levels of water. Emergency crews rescued at least 130 people from flooded homes and vehicles stranded on submerged roadways in the city. There were four flooding-related fatalities. In response to the damage caused by widespread flooding, the mayor of Nashville on 28 March declared a local state of emergency to aid in recovery efforts.

United States (Security threat level – 2): On the night of 26 March 2021, three separate shooting events occurred in the Oceanfront area of the city of Virginia Beach, located in the U.S. state of Virginia. At approximately 2320 local time (0320 UTC on 27 March), officers from the Virginia Beach Police Department (VBPD) responded to reports of gunfire in the popular tourist area and found eight individuals with gunshot wounds. Police officers arrested three individuals in connection to the first shooting, which took place during a physical altercation among a group of individuals. A few minutes later, a second shooting occurred in the vicinity of the initial event, during which one passerby was killed. In addition, a police officer shot and killed an armed man during a third event in the same area. Amid these events, a vehicle struck a police officer, who suffered only minor injuries. Authorities are investigating the three shootings, which appear to be unrelated.


Bangladesh (Security threat level – 4): On 28 March 2021, a countrywide general strike occurred in Bangladesh to denounce the government’s use of force during demonstrations organized to protest Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit from 26-27 March to commemorate Bangladesh’s 50th Independence Day. Thousands of mostly student protesters associated with the Hefazat-e-Islam Islamist group gathered in the Sanarpara area of the Narayanganj district and blocked a stretch of the main highway connecting the capital Dhaka to the southeastern port city of Chattogram (Chittagong). Security personnel deployed tear gas canisters and fired rubber bullets at protesters who set ablaze a number of vehicles. At least one person was shot in the area. Meanwhile, protesters set fire to two buses in the western Rajshahi district. In the eastern town of Brahmanbaria, members of the Hefazat-e-Islam group attacked a train and damaged its engine and passenger carriages. At least 10 people were injured in the event. Additionally, security forces in the city used live ammunition during clashes with student protesters the previous day; five individuals were killed and at least 15 others suffered injuries. Officials stated that 13 people were killed during violent protests in the country from 26-28 March.

Indonesia (Security threat level – 4): At approximately 0045 local time on 29 March 2021 (1745 UTC on 28 March), an explosion and subsequent fire occurred at the Pertamina Balongan Refinery oil facility in Indramayu, West Java, located approximately 165 km (105 mi) northeast of the capital Jakarta. At least 20 people suffered injuries, including five with serious burns. Authorities evacuated approximately 900 residents of a nearby village. The cause of the explosion remains unknown.

Indonesia (Security threat level – 4): At approximately 1030 local time (0230 UTC) on 28 March 2021, a suicide bombing occurred outside of a crowded Catholic church in the city center area of Makassar, located on Sulawesi island, during a Palm Sunday Mass. One of the two attackers, who arrived on a motorcycle, detonated his explosives near the main entrance of the cathedral when security personnel prevented the duo from entering the compound. The explosion killed both attackers and wounded at least 20 people, including churchgoers and four security guards. Authorities believe the assailants — a newlywed couple who received online training for manufacturing bombs — were members of the Jemaah Anshorut Daulah militant group, which has pledged allegiance to Islamic State.

Philippines (Security threat level – 4): As of 29 March 2021, authorities have enacted lockdown measures in Metro Manila and the surrounding provinces of Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna and Rizal due to a surge in COVID-19 cases. The measures will remain in effect until 4 April. Under the restrictions, a nightly curfew from 1800 to 0500 local time (1000-2100 UTC) is in effect, face masks are mandatory for individuals on public and private transportation, and only essential businesses — such as supermarkets and pharmacies — are allowed to be open. Meanwhile, outdoor gatherings of more than 10 people are banned, as are indoor gatherings of people from different households.


Australia (Security threat level – 2): On 29 March 2021, the premier of the state of Queensland announced that Brisbane — the state capital — and surrounding areas, including Logan, Moreton Bay, Ipswich and Redlands, will be placed on a three-day lockdown after health officials detected a cluster outbreak of COVID-19 in the city. The lockdown began at 1700 local time (0700 UTC) and will continue until 1 April. Residents of those areas are required to stay home unless they meet one of the standards for exemption, which include essential work, grocery shopping, exercise and caregiving. Nonessential businesses and schools are required to close during the lockdown.

In related developments, authorities in various states announced entry restrictions in response to the lockdown in the greater Brisbane area. Residents returning to South Australia from the Brisbane area must undergo a mandatory 14-day quarantine and are required to take COVID-19 tests on the fifth and 12th days of quarantine. In Victoria, individuals must apply for a “red zone” permit, and if approved, must self-isolate for 14 days upon entry; as of 30 March, only travelers with valid exemptions will be permitted entry from Queensland. Individuals seeking to enter Tasmania from the Brisbane area are now required to quarantine for 14 days before entry.


United Kingdom (Security threat level – 3): At approximately 2200 local time/UTC on 26 March 2021, police officers forcibly dispersed approximately 1,000 individuals who had gathered outside the New Bridewell police station in central Bristol, located in southwestern England, to protest a new policing bill. Mounted police officers, along with canine units, deployed and used baton charges on protesters, who threw firecrackers and various other projectiles at the officers. However, no injuries were reported in the clashes. Authorities arrested 10 individuals. The demonstration was organized to protest the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill — currently making its way through the U.K. Parliament — that would grant additional powers to police officials in England and Wales to tackle protests.


Oman / Jordan / Lebanon (Security threat levels – 2 / 3 / 4): As of 29 March 2021, authorities in Jordan, Lebanon and Oman have announced revisions to their policies in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Additional details are available below.

On 28 March Jordanian authorities extended the country’s partial lockdown until at least 15 April. The partial lockdown includes a nightly curfew for individuals from 1900-0600 local time (1700-0400 UTC) and from 1800-0600 local time for businesses. Meanwhile, the 24-hour weekly curfew from Thursday to Saturday, which starts at 1900 local time on Thursdays and ends at 0600 local time on Saturdays, will also remain in effect.

Lebanese authorities on 26 March announced that a nationwide curfew will go into effect for the Easter holiday weekend. The curfew will begin at 0500 local time (0200 UTC) on 3 April and last until 0500 local time on 6 April. Grocery stores will be exempt from the curfew, and there will be exceptions for emergency situations. Authorities strongly encourage individuals to refrain from hosting private gatherings for the holiday.

Omani authorities on 28 March implemented a nationwide nightly curfew from 2000-0500 local time (1600-0100 UTC). Exemptions to the curfew are in place for individuals working in essential fields, including medical personnel, sanitation workers, airport employees and workers in the petroleum industry.


Guatemala (Security threat level – 4): On 26 March 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala City issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows: “The U.S. Embassy advises that, due to ongoing security threats, the following departments remain under continued travel restrictions to Embassy personnel until further notice: Huehuetenango (with the exception of the city of Huehuetenango), and San Marcos (with the exception of the city of San Marcos). U.S. Embassy personnel and family members are restricted from personal travel to these departments, with the exception of the aforementioned cities, and must receive approval for official travel.”

Haiti (Security threat level – 4): On 26 March 2021, the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince issued a Security Alert, which reads in part as follows: “Political opposition groups intend to demonstrate throughout Downtown/Champs de Mars, Carrefour Aeroport, Nazon, Lalue, Bourdon, Juvenat, Delmas and Petionville areas from March 28-30, 2021. Please remain vigilant as large gatherings of this sort, while largely peaceful, can become unpredictable. Please avoid unnnecessary travel in this area at this time.”

Myanmar (Security threat level – 4): On 28 March 2021, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) updated its travel advice for Myanmar to include the following: “The FCDO advises British nationals in Myanmar to leave the country by commercial means as soon as possible. This change in the level of advice follows a significant increase in the level of recent violence on 27 March.”

Analyst Comment: Prior to the latest update, the U.K. government advised its citizens to “leave the country by commercial means, unless there is an urgent need to stay.”

Oman / United Arab Emirates (Security threat levels – 2 / 2): On 26 March 2021, the U.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD) issued a Maritime Alert, which reads in part as follows: “A maritime incident has been reported in the Arabian Sea in the vicinity of 16-12N 062-45E on March 25, 2021 (GMT). The nature of the incident is reported to be an explosion aboard a commercial vessel. Exercise caution when transiting this area. U.S. commercial vessels operating in this area should review U.S. Maritime Advisory 2021-001 for points of contact. This Alert will automatically expire on April 02, 2021. Any maritime industry questions regarding this alert should be directed to [email protected].”